Feature Comparison

The features of TradeLawGuide can be compared with those of other WTO legal research tools as follows:


TradeLawGuide.com comprises a high quality dataset of WTO law and tools that allow for methodical, systematic and comprehensive research of that dataset:

  • Its dataset was created in a systematized and methodical manner using precision data capture protocols. The dataset is updated daily.

The strict application of data capture and upload protocols to each uploaded document makes the TradeLawGuide dataset superior in its level of detail, reliability and consistency across subject matter.

  • Its software links together related information and concepts and presents them contextually.

TradeLawGuide creates thousands of relationships between information and concepts and presents them contextually. The context of subject matter is displayed along with related subject matter in other contexts. This drastically improves your understanding of the subject matter and the comprehensiveness of your research.

  • Its tools allow you to research the dataset methodically, systematically and comprehensively.

No matter where you start your research (e.g., by subject matter, by provision, by paragraph or footnote in a specific case (report, award or decision)), TradeLawGuide's' research tools enable you to methodically and systematically follow the "thread" of the subject matter through the various sources of WTO law.

Worldtradelaw.net and WTO.org present research information in an ad hoc manner. Some material is covered in detail while other material is covered at a lower level of detail or not covered. Neither site captures, organizes and accesses information methodically, systematically or contextually.

The strength of Worldtradelaw.net is its case commentaries. The strength of wto.org is that it is the official site of the World Trade Organization and its content covers all aspects of the organization.



Features TLG WTN WTO
TLG Exclusive Features      
Article Citator X    
Jurisprudence Citators X    
Interpretation Tool X    
Terms & Phrases X    
Annotated Agreements X    
TLG Superior Features      
Subject Navigator/Analytical Index X* X X
DSB Minutes X*   X
Jurisprudence Pending X* X  
Full Text Search X* X X
Procedural Documents X* X X
Negotiating History X* X X
Short Titles (Citations) X* X X
Equal (TLG look & feel cleaner)      
Jurisprudence (WTO & GATT) X X X
Agreements (WTO & GATT) X X X
Case Commentaries X X  


* More sophisticated than worldtradelaw.net and wto.org


TradeLawGuide is the only database that enables the user to note up WTO law.

"Noting up" or "shepardizing" in the domestic law context refers to examining the judicial treatment of legislation or a case. It is a crucial step in legal research. It must be accomplished methodically and comprehensively.

Recent statements by the Appellate Body in US – Stainless Steel (Mexico) and other reports call attention to the importance noting up WTO jurisprudence. The Appellate Body has stated, inter alia, that "following the Appellate Body's' conclusions in earlier disputes is not only appropriate, but is what would be expected from panels, especially where the issues are the same”.

Noting up allows the user to: (i) find all jurisprudence that applies or interprets a legal instrument or provision; (ii) determine whether that jurisprudence is still good law, and (iii) determine what adjudicators have been saying about that jurisprudence. This last step is invaluable for understanding the interpretation of the jurisprudence and can lead to jurisprudence that has applied the law to similar facts.

The Article Citator notes up the provisions of 72 WTO agreements and instruments and other relevant treaties. The user selects a provision and can instantly find all of the jurisprudence on point, sort and display that jurisprudence to expedite his/her review, and immediately view the specific provision references within that jurisprudence. It captures all references to a provision (e.g., Article 3.1, paragraph 1 of Article 3, Article 3, paragraph 1, etc.).

The Jurisprudence Citator notes up the paragraphs and footnotes of all WTO jurisprudence. A paragraph or footnote of a WTO report, award or decision can be selected and then all jurisprudence that cites that paragraph or footnote can be identified immediately and reviewed.

The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) Minutes tool enables the user to quickly note up WTO jurisprudence to ascertain strengths, weaknesses, policy issues or concerns raised in submissions before the DSB. Noting up with TradeLawGuide’s Citators and DSB minutes tool improves the comprehensiveness of research and reduces the risk of errors or oversights.


To enable efficient browsing of the thousands of links between related information, TradeLawGuide provides comprehensive pinpoint referencing to all content. This means that the exact paragraphs or footnotes of the documents you are browsing are displayed. Comprehensive pinpoint referencing is not available in worldtradelaw.net or wto.org.


TradeLawGuide.com has a Learning Centre that explains how to methodically research WTO law and that provides detailed instructions on how to use its research tools. Instructional videos and manuals are provided.


Users experience substantial efficiency gains when researching WTO law using TradeLawGuide as evidenced in the following statement from a large institutional subscriber to TradeLawGuide:

“TradeLawGuide is a unique database that facilitates fast, comprehensive and methodical research procedures… on a trial basis, research time was reduced to one-third compared with other sources, and the information found was more to the point of what was required.” TradeLawGuide reduces the cost of researching WTO law allowing you to get more out of existing budgetary resources.


TradeLawGuide's' unique features are invaluable during "meetings" (i.e., hearings) with WTO panels and the Appellate Body. It is particularly helpful when appearing before the Appellate Body because questions must be answered orally during the course of the meeting. The following examples are publicly available questions that were posed by WTO panels.

a. Question 5 from the Panel in US - Clove Cigarettes

5. Annex 1 of the TBT Agreement provides that the "terms presented in the sixth edition of the ISO/IEC Guide 2 1991, General Terms and Their Definitions Concerning Standardization and Related Activities, shall, when used in this Agreement, have the same meaning as given in the definitions in the said Guide taking into account that services are excluded from the coverage of this Agreement". Does the said Guide contain any definitions that are relevant in the present dispute? What is the relevance of the updated version of the ISO/IEC Guide? (source: http://www.ustr.gov/webfm_send/2468)

Quickly Find the Answer on TradeLawGuide

Use the Annotated Agreements, text of the TBT Agreement to see all of the ISO terms that overlap the TBT Agreement:


b. Question 6 from the Panel in US - Clove Cigarettes

6. In the opinion of the parties, what is the legal value of paragraph 5.2 of the Doha Ministerial Decision on Implementation-related Issues and Concerns of 14 November 2001 (WT/MIN(01)/17)? (source: http://www.ustr.gov/webfm_send/2468)

Quickly Find the Answer on TradeLawGuide

Use the Treaty Interpretation tool to ascertain the legal status of a Ministerial Decision:


c. Question 148 from the Panel in US - Tuna Dolphin II

148. To both parties: In EC - Asbestos, the Appellate Body observed that: "a Member may draw distinctions between products which have been found to be 'like', without, for this reason alone, according to the group of 'like' imported products 'less favourable treatment' than that accorded to the group of 'like' domestic products". (EC – Asbestos (AB), para. 100) In light of this determination, and especially the reference to the "groups" of imported and domestic like products, please clarify:

(a) whether, in your view, an assessment of "less favourable treatment" should be based on an examination of the treatment afforded under the measures to the entire group of domestic like products as compared to the treatment afforded to the entire group of like imported products;

(b) whether this implies that all products within the imported products group must be treated less favourably in order for the "less favourable treatment" to exist; and

(c) how the comparison should be conducted in the present dispute (for. ex.comparing the treatment afforded to tuna eligible for the label and not eligible? comparing the treatment afforded to all US products and all Mexican products under the measures? something else?). (source: http://www.ustr.gov/webfm_send/2487)

Quickly Find the Answer on TradeLawGuide

Use the Jurisprudence Citator to see how the Appellate Body and panels have interpreted and applied the reasoning in paragraph 100 of the Appellate Body report in EC - Asbestos: